It goes without saying that adapting to a condition requires the conscious implementation of specific strategies. You can implement a Climate change adaptation strategy by having a thorough study of the situation and developing ideas that can help you make the best use of what one has and live sustainably with the environment amidst the changes in climate. For instance, in agriculture, with the knowledge of seasons and observed changes in recent times, a traditional approach to adaptation is to change the sowing times or adopts advanced irrigation techniques.
You can develop adaptation strategies from two perspectives. You can either adapt to changes that have occurred by responding to them or adapt to changes about to happen in anticipation of them. One prominent example of anticipatory adaptation in Canada is the higher elevation construction of the Confederation Bridge to adapt to the possible rise in sea level in the future and its effect on ship clearance under the bridge.
Let’s look at specific adaptation strategies that you can implement in dealing with three significant effects of climate change; rising heatwaves, flooding and drought.
Adapting to heatwaves
One obvious strategy is to install air conditioners. Another is to use green or incentivized light-coloured roofs as they are known to reduce heat to a large extent. Also, in adapting to trees destroyed by heat or fires, you can plant heat-resistant varieties instead.
Adapting to flooding
One of the adaptation strategies to adopt is to consider stopping the filling up of wetlands (swamps, marshes etc.) and other water bodies. Wetlands are nature’s natural sponges that soak up excess water to reduce/eliminate incidents of flooding. Technology can play an essential role in areas prone to flooding. You can install protective defence systems such as sea walls and sensors to reduce the devastating effects of flooding on people and property. Another strategy is to store rainwater in a bid to make rainfall less frequently in its cycle. Underground storage tanks, water-buffering vegetation and making water-permeable pavements are all possible adaptation solutions to flooding. Raising street-level definitely works as well, along with many more specific location strategies in their effectiveness. Marshes
Adaptation against drought
Due to irregularities in times, seasons, sunshine and rainfall, farmers end up having low yield, and drought inevitably sets in. We can adapt to this situation by developing crop varieties that have higher drought tolerance. The option of reducing complete dependence on crops and going for edible fruits and roots is also available. Afforestation can also supply food as a backup and, at the same time, provide carbon sequestration, conserve water and give aesthetic value.
However, one primary adaptation strategy that you should implement regardless of location or situation:
Awareness Creation and Education
Creating awareness and educating those affected about the problem and how they can cope with it. If, after using adaptation strategies, it still turns out to be potentially dangerous, the final strategy that can be resorted to is migration to a safer location.
Adaptation strategies are not limited to these and may differ from place to place. Still, they are no doubt necessary in the quest for survival. Some effects of climate change may also prove to be beyond what we can adapt to, and in such cases, climate change mitigation comes in place.
SCAN’s 14- Day Campaign | Day 7 – Adaptation Strategies
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